Ethnic and racial conflicts are complex human phenomenon they are pervasive conditions in many places around the world throughout the records of human history, ethnic racial groups sometimes, used violent ways to deal with their differences. Preparation is especially important when the particular strategies focus on sources of conflict or involve confrontation—as in activities where participants are asked to express their true feelings,' to play the role of prejudiced persons, or to get all of their frustrations on the table. Why is transforming conflicts in diverse communities important in a diverse community composed of two or more ethnic, or cultural groups, conflicts are more likely to occur because of: differences in group identity, which is shaped by the group's cultural values, history, socioeconomic status, and perceived power.
This is a list of conflicts in africa arranged by country, both on the continent and associated islands, including wars between african nations, civil wars, and wars involving non-african nations that took place within africa. Uruguay ethnic groups it's worth noting that this development has thrived in the absence of ethnic conflicts that make politics much more complex in other nations and the nation has. Their personal experiences in the course of their lives people learn culture throughout their lives so it can be changed corresponding with each person's experience. The strategies of conflict management in case of ethnic conflict in multiethnic countries, in order to facilitate the resolution of the conflicts, the integration of immigrant people to the new.
A lot of literature has been written about ethnicity, ethnic conflicts and strategies for resolving ethnic conflicts according to brown (1993), ethnic conflict is not a problem that will disappear but one that will continue to occur because ethnicity is something which is strongly related with one`s identity. Toft (2004) in his book 'the geography of ethnic violence: identity, interests and the indivisibility of territory' approached the issue of conflicts and genocide in particular within the geography of ethnic violence and argues that conflicts are complex phenomena which are the results of either socio-political, economic or environmental. Solutions to inter ethnic conflict in nigeria the causes and solutions to ethnic conflicts scholars of international security have been trying to develop a theoretical approach to explain the causes of ethnic conflict for a long time. Metropolitan ethnic conflicts, strategies of their management and social inclusion of immigrant people rodan di maria & cristiano inguglia department of psychology, università degli studi di.
In the light of these dimensions, we can consider african conflicts as belonging to the following six types: inter-ethnic conflicts, inter-state conflicts, liberation conflicts, civil rights conflicts, annexationist conflicts, and political transition conflicts. An ethnic conflict is a conflict between two or more contending ethnic groupswhile the source of the conflict may be political, social, economic or religious, the individuals in conflict must expressly fight for their ethnic group's position within society. One of their most widely employed labels of convenience for national and ethnic conflicts: the ideological conflict between east and west from around 1990-1. Strategies metropolitan center for urban education their behavior and are capable of controlling community, conflict resolution, natural consequences, and. This approach to ethnic conflict explains that ethnic groups fight because they are denied not only their biological needs, but also psychological needs that relate to growth and development these include peoples' need for identity , security , recognition , participation , and autonomy.
Managing conflicts across cultures: challenges to practitioners christopher a leeds 1 introduction conflict management covers the various processes required for stopping or preventing overt conflicts, and aiding the parties involved to reach durable peaceful settlement of their differences. Duction of new racial and ethnic groups was identified as a common source of discord27 racial and ethnic conflict was a problem across colonial america, including both the northern and southern regions of the. Shanahan, suzanne, and susan olzak, 1999, the effects of immigrant diversity and ethnic competition on collective conflict in urban america, journal of american ethnic history 18: 40-64 the statistical abstract of the united states, 2006 and previous years, washington, dc: us department of commerce, bureau of the census. Conflict resolution strategies the resolution of conflict has long been conceptualized as involving both constructive and destructive processes (deutsch, 1973), and research in the area of marital conflict has focused on these two global aspects of conflict management (fincham & beach, 1999.
Horowitz suggests,9 all conflicts based on ascriptive (birth-based) group identities, real or imagined—race, language, religion, tribe, or caste—can be called ethnic. Two ethnic groups got embroiled in violent conflicts resulting in the loss of hundreds of lives, destruction of hundreds of villages and displacement of thousands of people the conflict, fanned by armed groups, caused collateral damage to both communities. The new world conditions are validating some past conflict resolution practices that can now be more precisely defined and conceptualized and are bringing to prominence some techniques that had not been taken very seriously by diplomatic practitioners in the recent past. May consider conflict as an exciting opportunity for personal growth and so try to use it to their best advantage wherever one may fall on this continuum of view points concerning conflict.
Their analyses underscore a point that is now well accepted by scholars of ethnicity, namely that ethnic conflict is not the simple expression of the primordial instincts of humankind this is true even of rwanda, the scene of the most recent genocide in our genocidal age. This course presents communication theories relevant to conflict resolution as well as theories about understanding, analyzing, and managing conflict the course focuses on the human and emotional aspects of conflict, and includes the influence of gender and culture.
Ethnic conflict has one of the most prominent issues in the country where there are multi ethnic citizen and also become a global concern it is difficult to resolve ethnic conflict due to the differences in issue and background. Organize a city-wide coalition of community leaders made up of representatives from the different cultural and ethnic groups, as well as different community sectors (eg, police, schools, businesses, local government) to examine their existing policies and determine what needs to change. Not a handbook, but a library, and, an essential collection of over twenty studies providing the history and dynamics of ethnic conflicts in eight arenas around the world, along with documenting the theories of conflict resolution and their efficacy.